30 July 2011

Will Turkey Beat China In Internet Censorship?


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Image: YouTube in Turkey by Mohamed Nanabhay on Flickr
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I must say that during the last year – year and a half I have come across numerous mentions about the Internet censorship faced by users in Turkey, but they somehow failed to attract my attention.

Opening Google Reader this morning, however, brought my sight to an analysis of the Turkish lawyer Omer Bayraktar, in which he outlined the expected

Comprehensive Filtering

of the Internet in Turkey.

Bayraktar’s  material bears the headline Turkey: Pandora’s Box will be opened shortly… and provides its readers with some intriguing information. Bulgarian readers might be interested to read the blog post I composed in my other blog.

For instance, the Turkish Communications Regulatory Authority (Bilgi Teknolojileri ve Iletisim Kurumu, BTK), has mandated that as of the 22 August 2011 Turkish users must not surf on the Internet, unless they install at least one of four specifically developed filtering technologies.

Any non-compliance with this legislative measure or circumvention of the filters will expose their actors to criminal liability and charges.

One needs not be a zealot in defending

Human Rights

to realise that the measure so introduced will directly and disproportionately limit the freedom of expression, information and privacy of the Turkish users on the Internet.

Still, Turkey is a member of the Council of Europe and as such is subject to the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR).

The partial Internet censorship which Turkey had maintained until now did not remain unnoticed and resulted in that the Turkish nationals Ahmet Yildirim and Yaman Akdeniz brought actions before the Court in Strasbourg.
The outcome expected in the rulings becomes increasingly relevant in light of the upcoming total control.

But the ECtHR does not represent the only venue where Turkey should fear that its image might be tarnished: the filtering legislation will very likely have repercussions also upon Turkey’s attempts to accede to the European Union.

I guess, Merkel and Sarkozy will hardly fail to take the chance to declare the incompatibility of this legislative step with common European values

Conclusion

If Turkey sustains its planned filtering measure, it will join the circle of authoritarian states and probably surpass China’s Golden Shield Project in terms of Internet censorship.

By the way, what would be your reaction if your government introduced such censorship in your country?

24 May 2011

Of Superinjunctions, Free Speech And Privacy Protection


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Image by Sara Simmons on Flickr
5746811723_c6ee3aa242_oYou will most probably recognise his face if you are a football fan.
This guy must have had a harsh time during the last couple of weeks.
Actually, he must have gone through hell.
What he has reportedly done may be controversial and stay at odds with morality, but this is not the subject of the article you are reading.
It is about his right to private life.

My point is that since the man on the image has not committed any wrong, no public interest should qualify to deprive him of a right provided for by Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
The forgoing is not to be understood as the advocacy towards a single individual. It is the advocacy towards the right of private life par excellence.

Want to read more? Good,

Let’s Kick It!

Allegedly, the man on the image has had an affair with a model and ex BigBrother contestant. However, after the model had contemplated to disclose their relationship, he managed to obtain a

Superinjunction

(aka gagging order) to prevent potentially embarrassing details about his private life being published.
What you have to know about superinjunctions is that they prevent anyone from publishing information which is said to be confidential or private about the applicant. That not enough, superinjunctions prevent anyone from reporting that they even exist.

The English High Court granted the order.

Nevertheless, the Scottish Sunday Herald

Dared To Publish

footballer’s image claiming that it has no obligations under an English injunction and if anyone wants to prevent the whole of the British media from reporting on a story, then they will need to get separate injunctions in all jurisdictions.

The interesting thing preceding the publication in Scotland is that, as soon as Twitter users had started to tattle about the alleged affair of the footballer, he managed to obtain a gagging order also against Twitter.
Despite any deliberations as to whether Twitter is subject to the jurisdiction of English courts, the superinjunction flopped in meeting its purpose. It not only failed in preventing the spread of information on the microblogging platform, it bestowed Twitter an unprecedented increase in traffic instead. Every user interested in the matter was tweeting said footballer’s name.

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Undoubtedly, this teaches us that

Superinjunctions Have Only Limited Effect

when it comes to Web 2.0 and social media.

The reactions could not come quickly enough.
Lord Chief Justice Judge lamented that “modern technology is totally out of control”. David Cameron added “It’s not fair on the newspapers if all the social media can report this and the newspapers can’t” and announced that “the government considers to legislate on privacy issues in order to catch up with the advent of social media”.

Would you support such legislation efforts?
I would.
I could accept minor limitations and would easily survive the lack of knowledge about whom a celebrity allegedly slept with. Because I know that such a minor concession of the society as a whole, would end up saving said celebrity’s private life.

Filtering Twitter?

I spent a couple of hours on Twitter this Sunday and read as many messages marked with a #Superinjunction hashtag as possible.
My impression was not that the users celebrated the victory of free speechover gagging and censorship. No, their overall message to the footballer sort of read “You think you can hide behind a superinjunction? You cannot, it simply does not work on Twitter”. They seemed happy to have tracked him down. That had nothing to do with free speech, that was hate speech.

Besides, it was in a clear breach with the superinjunction, of which everybody on Twitter already knew.

I delayed the publication of this article, because today I had a little chat with Jane Lambert on Twitter. There she expressed her concern as to whether a foreign social network should be allowed to operate in the jurisdiction of England and Wales if it is in breach of a fundamental right granted by the European Convention On Human Rights and cannot prevent flouting of an English court order.

She opined that networks should develop filtering technologies, but should deploy them only sparingly in democratic societies.

What do you think?