30 July 2011

Will Turkey Beat China In Internet Censorship?


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Image: YouTube in Turkey by Mohamed Nanabhay on Flickr
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I must say that during the last year – year and a half I have come across numerous mentions about the Internet censorship faced by users in Turkey, but they somehow failed to attract my attention.

Opening Google Reader this morning, however, brought my sight to an analysis of the Turkish lawyer Omer Bayraktar, in which he outlined the expected

Comprehensive Filtering

of the Internet in Turkey.

Bayraktar’s  material bears the headline Turkey: Pandora’s Box will be opened shortly… and provides its readers with some intriguing information. Bulgarian readers might be interested to read the blog post I composed in my other blog.

For instance, the Turkish Communications Regulatory Authority (Bilgi Teknolojileri ve Iletisim Kurumu, BTK), has mandated that as of the 22 August 2011 Turkish users must not surf on the Internet, unless they install at least one of four specifically developed filtering technologies.

Any non-compliance with this legislative measure or circumvention of the filters will expose their actors to criminal liability and charges.

One needs not be a zealot in defending

Human Rights

to realise that the measure so introduced will directly and disproportionately limit the freedom of expression, information and privacy of the Turkish users on the Internet.

Still, Turkey is a member of the Council of Europe and as such is subject to the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR).

The partial Internet censorship which Turkey had maintained until now did not remain unnoticed and resulted in that the Turkish nationals Ahmet Yildirim and Yaman Akdeniz brought actions before the Court in Strasbourg.
The outcome expected in the rulings becomes increasingly relevant in light of the upcoming total control.

But the ECtHR does not represent the only venue where Turkey should fear that its image might be tarnished: the filtering legislation will very likely have repercussions also upon Turkey’s attempts to accede to the European Union.

I guess, Merkel and Sarkozy will hardly fail to take the chance to declare the incompatibility of this legislative step with common European values

Conclusion

If Turkey sustains its planned filtering measure, it will join the circle of authoritarian states and probably surpass China’s Golden Shield Project in terms of Internet censorship.

By the way, what would be your reaction if your government introduced such censorship in your country?